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Fallacies -> Choose a Definition Quiz

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Question 1

Fallacy of False Continuum.

a. An argument that because there is a fuzzy line between cults and religion, therefore they are really the same thing.
b. The assumption that the middle position between two extremes must be right.
c. The view that something is true because it is what most people believe.





Self Assessment:



Question 2

Cum Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc

a. A occurred then B occurred, therefore A caused B.
b. Judging past circumstances based upon information only known afterwards.
c. Blaming foreigners, or gypsies, or people with funny accents for all sorts of things simply because they are there.





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Question 3

Post Hoc ergo Propter Hoc

a. Judging past circumstances based upon information only known afterwards.
b. A occurred then B occurred, therefore A caused B.
c. Birds can fly. Penguins are birds. So penguins can fly.





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Question 4

Fallacies of Composition and Division

a. The economy is improving therefore everyone is better off.
b. Some scientists believe man is responsible for climate change and some don’t. Therefore there is no good reason for believing in it.
c. Birds can fly. Penguins are birds. So penguins can fly.





Self Assessment:



Question 5

Circular Reasoning

a. Women shouldn’t fight bulls because a bullfighter is and should be a man.
b. If I don’t do it, someone else will.
c. The view that something is true because it is what most people believe.





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Question 6

Fallacy of Single Cause

a. A occurred then B occurred, therefore A caused B.
b. Whereby a possible explanation is taken as though it is the only explanation.
c. Children are overweight because of junk food restaurants close to schools.





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Question 7

Fallacy of Accident

a. The belief that after a run of heads when a coin is flipped it is then more likely there will be a tail next time in order to ‘even out the odds’.
b. Where we identify something in common between two things and then assume other things will also be common, without any particular evidence to justify it.
c. Birds can fly. Penguins are birds. So penguins can fly.





Self Assessment:



Question 8

Spotlight Fallacy

a. Where we identify something in common between two things and then assume other things will also be common, without any particular evidence to justify it.
b. ‘As everyone knows …’, or ‘Obviously …’
c. The implicit assumption that all members of a group exhibit the same characteristics as a few prominent members.





Self Assessment:



Fallacies -> Choose a Definition: Scoring

Number of Questions Questions Completed Total Score

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