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Fallacies -> Matching Names to Definitions 2 Quiz

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/ Test your ability to recognise different biases with the following Quiz, with each fallacy being from the following list:

Gambler’s Fallacy / Fallacy of Equivocation / Hindsight Fallacy / Fallacy of the Middle Ground / Fallacy of the Unexplained / Rationalisation. / Spotlight Fallacy / Hasty Generalization / The Fallacy of Argument By Selective Observation / Fallacy of False Analogy / Post Hoc ergo Propter Hoc / Fallacy of False Precision / Fallacy of False Continuum / Loaded Question Fallacy

Question 1

Because something is unexplained then it is inexplicable.

Self Assessment:

Question 2

Where we count the hits and forget the misses. For example when someone talks about what a bad state the world is in, as a result of them paying attention to all the bad news but ignoring the good news.

Self Assessment:

Question 3

The use a word or phrase to mean one thing in an earlier part of an argument, and then later in the argument use it to mean something different.

Self Assessment:

Question 4

Where we identify something in common between two things and then assume other things will also be common, without any particular evidence to justify it.

Self Assessment:

Question 5

The idea that because there is no definitive demarcation line between two extremes, that the distinction between the extremes is not real or meaningful. Thus someone might argue that there is a fuzzy line between cults and religion, therefore they are really the same thing.

Self Assessment:

Question 6

When information is treated as being more accurate than it really is. For example if a measurement estimate for item A is x and that for item B is x+1, then item B may be assumed to have a measurement value greater than item A. However if the accuracy of the measurements is only +/- 5, then there is a significant possibility that this is not true.

Self Assessment:

Question 7

The belief that future chance events are influenced by the outcomes of previous events. Thus a run of heads when a coin is flipped is viewed as meaning it is more likely there will be a tail next time in order to ‘even out the odds’.

Self Assessment:

Question 8

Taking a few instances, often personal experiences, as the basis for a general rule.

Self Assessment:

Question 9

Judging past circumstances based upon information only known afterwards.

Self Assessment:

Question 10

Where the question contains an unjustified assumption, such as: ‘When did you stop beating your wife?’

Self Assessment:

Question 11

The assumption that the middle position between two extremes must be right.

Self Assessment:

Question 12

A occurred then B occurred, therefore A caused B.

Self Assessment:

Question 13

Whereby a possible explanation is taken as though it is the only explanation; usually because it is of benefit to whoever chooses to believe it.

Self Assessment:

Question 14

The implicit assumption that all members of a group exhibit the same characteristics as a few prominent members.

Self Assessment:

Fallacies -> Matching Names to Definitions 2 Quiz: Scoring

Number of Questions Questions Completed Total Score


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